VARICOSE VEINS

Varicose veins are caused by increased blood pressure in the veins. They can occur in the veins near the surface of the skin.
  • Varicose veins are enlarged, swollen and abnormally distorted or twisted veins that most commonly appear on the legs and feet. Because of their unpleasant or ugly appearance, varicose veins are one of the most common symptoms evaluated by our vein clinic. We offer a variety of treatments to treat these varicose veins, and consistently see dramatic improvement or resolution of their appearance and symptoms.
  • Next: More About Veins

More About Varicose Veins From The Society of Vascular SurgeryNext: Causes Of Varicose Veins

What causes
varicose veins?

About Preventative Care

Varicose veins are caused by increased blood pressure in the veins. They can occur in the veins near the surface of the skin. The blood moves toward the heart by one-way valves in the veins. When the valves become weakened or damaged, blood can collect (pool) in the veins and even flow backward. This causes the veins to become enlarged. Sitting or standing for a long periods of time can cause blood to pool in the leg veins. This increases the pressure in the veins. The veins can stretch from the increased pressure. This may weaken the walls of the veins and damage the valves. Varicose veins are not considered a serious health problem, but they can be uncomfortable and can lead to more serious problems. Because the veins can become very noticeable, they may cause people to feel uncomfortable or embarrassed. Spider veins, a milder type of varicose veins, are smaller and often look like a sunburst or "spider web." They are red or blue in color and are often found on the face and legs, just under the skin. Next: Symptoms

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

• Swelling or heaviness and fatigue, especially in the lower leg and ankle • Spasms, cramping, and aching in the legs at night • Itching, burning of the skin • Painful Varicose veins - twisted, enlarged veins close to the skin surface • Ugly/unpleasant appearance • Skin discoloration – dark red, purple or blue colors at the surface • Thick Leather-like skin • A person can have none, one or all of these symptoms Over time, severe varicose veins may lead to long-term mild swelling. That can result in more serious skin and tissue problems. These include ulcers and non-healing sores.

Risk Factors for Varicose Veins:

- Genetics (family history) - Pregnancy - DVT or history of blood clots - Surgery or trauma to your leg - Being overweight - Aging, decreased elasticity of blood vessels - Smoking history - Menopause - Swelling and inflammation of a vein close to the skin, often in the legs (phlebitis) - Lack of exercise - High blood pressure in the leg veins over time, due to sitting or standing for long periods

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Preventative Care

Lifestyle changes may help prevent varicose veins from forming. These changes include:
• Elevating legs while sitting or sleeping • Wearing compression stockings or dressings • Avoiding standing/sitting for extended periods of time • Weight reduction • Exercise Next: Treatment Options

Treatment
Options

Premier Vein was the 1st provider to offer minimally invasive vein treatment in Alaska. 30+ years combined doctor experience and on-site diagnostic testing with fellowship-trained radiologists.